Fundamental components of dance, which include the following: –body. The instrument of dance. The term body may also refer to the body’s position or shape (e.g., curved, straight, angular, twisted, symmetrical, asymmetrical); also, how the body is moving (e.g., using locomotor or non-locomotor movements). –energy. The force with which the body moves (e.g., light, strong, sustained, sudden). –relationship. The way in which two or more things are connected to or associated with one another (e.g., dancer to dancer, dancer to object, right arm to left arm). –space. The physical area in which the body moves; also, the area surrounding the body. –time. An element of dance involving rhythm, tempo, accent, and duration. Time can be based on measured beats, as in music, or on body rhythms, such as breath, emotions, and heartbeat.