A person who is a descendant of the original inhabitants of North America. In Canada, the Constitution Act (1982) recognizes three primary groups as Aboriginal peoples: Indians, Inuit, and Métis.
A formal written system of symbols, shapes, and lines that represent body position and movement. Various types of “invented notation” can also be used instead of formal forms of dance notation. Invented notation consists of visuals used to plan, map, or record movement.
The ability to be aware of one’s own body parts (e.g., muscles, tendons, joints), position (e.g., posture), and movement (e.g., tension and relaxation of muscles, shifting of weight, movement of the body through space). Dancers who have developed kinesthetic awareness, or body awareness, are more likely to be able to perform the various movements of dance safely, to have a good sense of balance, and to respond to stimuli appropriately (e.g., judge correctly where to move while dancing in a group).
The ability to perform dance movements with apparent effortlessness.
The application of scientific principles to the study of dance, with a focus on preventing injuries and on improving the performance and the general health of dancers. Disciplines that are often part of the study of dance science are anatomy, biomechanics, physiology, and psychology. Study of somatic practices such as Pilates, yoga, and the Alexander technique may also be included.
(1) The exploratory process of creating and arranging movements with artistic intent. (2) A dance sequence that is created with a specific intent to communicate a feeling, idea, or theme using movement; used in solo dance, as well as duets, trios, and small ensembles. See also choreographic form.
A type of improvisation in which students move in groups, with no set pattern or in a diamond formation, following a leader and all doing the same movements simultaneously. This is an extended version of mirroring for three or more people. Participants do not necessarily need to be able to watch each other, as long as they can see the leader.
A movement or action performed in exactly the same way by two or more people at the same time.
The links between dance movements and phrases.
An element of dance involving rhythm, tempo, accent, and duration. Time can be based on measured beats, as in music, or on body rhythms, such as breath, emotions, and heartbeat.